Know more about smart drugs – Types and how safe are they

Know more about smart drugs – Types and how safe are they

Smart drugs undoubtedly work smartly. However, you must be well aware of the various nuances about these categories of drugs. Referred to as cognition enhancers or memory improving drugs, these drugs are known to enhance the performance of the brain. In this article, let us find out more about the same under the following sub-topics, namely,

  1. Essential aspects of nootropics.
  2. Types and safety properties.
  3. Works wonders for cognitive decline.

Let us take one sub-topic at a time. 

Whether you are a student preparing for your professional examination, an elderly individual trying to keep dementia at bay, or a professional striving hard to stay at the top position in the corporate set up – the nootropics have proved to be a perfect avenue of boosting brain performance.

Generally speaking, you will find that these drugs are segregated into three categories, namely: –

  • Synthetic compounds
  • Prescription drugs
  • Dietary supplements

As far as the usage of these drugs is concerned, there is a conflicting opinion about the same. While few people support the use of these medicines for FDA-approved conditions, like ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and Alzheimer’s. However, the majority of the people believe that before the administration of these drugs, it is best to keep away from stress, get adequate sleep, and allot some time for yourself to relax. Adopting these measures can help you live naturally without the need for brain boosters.

  1. Types and safety properties

The nature of these drugs differs, and the difference lies in the following features or actions.

Nature of smart drugs

Prescription nootropics are medicines that help in counteracting the various effects that result from medical conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Alzheimer’s disease, and narcolepsy.

Aside from the prescription drugs, under the category of non-prescription drugs are caffeine and creatine. They also have similar effects and are considered to be nootropics too. Although these non-prescription nootropics will not treat the diseases, they can help in boosting memory and mental performance.

A medical practitioner will prescribe smart drugs as a stimulant. For instance, amphetamine is useful for treating ADHD, dementia, or narcolepsy, and similar ailments. So, they will prescribe the drugs for various conditions.

Some of the commonly prescribed nootropics include the following-

  • Doctors use prescription drugs like memantine (Axura) to treat Alzheimer’s.
  • ADHD is treated with medicines like Adderall that contains amphetamines.
  • Narcolepsy is treated with modafinil or Provigil. This medicine is prescribed to ward off the drowsiness caused to individuals suffering from this disorder.

Safety of these nootropics

The nootropics must be administered under supervision. Users must buy these smart drugs only with the help of a prescription. If you want to know more about these smart drugs, you can always navigate through

If you are taking these drugs, make sure you do so under medical assistance and also monitor changes. If you notice changes, report the same to the medical practitioner that has prescribed these medicines.

Side effects of nootropics

Almost all drugs have side effects since they all have different types of chemicals as their ingredients and composition.

Find below a few of the side effects that might show-up in individuals that are taking these drugs or supplements. However, not all side effects occur in every individual.

  • High blood pressure
  • Addiction
  • Sleep disorder or insomnia
  • Palpitation or rapid heartbeat

If these symptoms become severe, it is best to inform your doctor right away and seek help to manage your symptoms better. Your treating physician might change your medication if required. 

Over-the-counter nootropics

Nootropic refers not just to prescription or non-prescription medicines but also o supplements. Some of the OTC nootropics include the following-


If you take caffeine in a moderate amount, it is considered safe. You must have taken at one point time coffee or tea to get a stimulating effect.

As per FDA guidelines, you can take caffeine not more than 400 milligrams per day. That is roughly 5 to 6 cups of coffee or tea daily. However, caffeine in the form of pills and powders usually leads to caffeine overdose.


These are synthetic compounds and impact the brain’s neurotransmitters. Commonly used racetams are-

  • Aniracetam
  • Pramiracetam
  • Piracetam
  • Phenylpiracetam 


Also known as Rhodiola RoseaL., it helps in boosting cognitive performance and capacity. It is said to have positive neuroprotective effects and helps in managing diseases related to the brain’s neurotransmitters.

Aside from the above, the other OTC nootropics that you can find are creatine, L-theanine, Gingko Biloba, Omega 3 fatty acid, and Panax ginseng

  1. Works wonders for cognitive decline

The cognitive decline occurs in the form of dementia or memory loss, and eventually, Alzheimer’s disease is treatable with the help of nootropics. The main objective of these drugs is to “reverse” the decline of cognitive properties in individuals. 

Many such nootropics are effective, their efficacy being proved over the years, time and again. Also, several studies and research are being carried out in the quest for better and improved nootropics or smart drugs. 

One study in the United Kingdom, by The National Institute for Health and Clinical on four licensed drugs – Excellence, donepezil, memantine, galantamine, and rivastigmine. The results indicate that they are effective, but their effectiveness is limited, where boosting cognitive characteristics is concerned.

It does not necessarily mean that there are no more smart drugs to address the needs for cognitive enhancement in individuals that require these medicines. You will find that several OTC options are effective, few options that have been mentioned in the paragraphs above. 

Even if you are taking prescribed medicines or nootropics, many such drugs have worked wonders. In case you experience side effects or uneasiness on taking them, inform the medical practitioner at the earliest. It is best not to ignore these symptoms and seek medical opinion immediately. Taking necessary precautions well beforehand may save you from a lot of hassles and sickness. You can enjoy the benefits of smart drugs without any hassles. 

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